Kitchen Chat and more…
Kitchen Chat and more…
Regarding the section 22 of Work Health and Safety Act 2011, the designer must ensure that the plant, substance or structure is designed to be without risks to the health and safety of persons who use the plant, substance or structure, who handle the substance at a workplace, who store the plant or substance at a workplace, who construct the structure at a workplace, who carry out any reasonably foreseeable activity, or who are at or in the vicinity of a workplace.
Figures released by Safe Work Australia estimate the cost associated with work-related injury and illness to be more than $60 billion dollars per year. Targets to be achieved by 2022 introduced in the Australian-WHS-Strategy-2012-2022 include:
Healthy and safe design is one of the seven action plans introduced in this document to achieve these targets with the outcome of elimination or minimisation of hazard by design.
According to Section 22 of Work Health and Safety Act 2011, the designer must ensure that the plant, substance or structure is designed to be without risks to the health and safety of persons who use the plant, substance or structure, who handle the substance at a workplace, who store the plant or substance at a workplace, who construct the structure at a workplace, who carry out any reasonably foreseeable activity, or who are at or in the vicinity of a workplace?
So, as a result of not being to show that your team is aware of Safety In Design and the relevant legislation, you take the risk of being liable for any WHS incidents?
The integration of hazard identification and risk assessment methods early in the design process to eliminate or minimise the risks of injury throughout the life of the product being designed. It encompasses all design including facilities, hardware, systems, equipment, products, tooling, materials, energy controls, layout, and configuration. A safe design approach begins in the conceptual and planning phases with an emphasis on making choices about design, materials used and methods of manufacture or construction to enhance the safety of the finished product. Safe design will always be part of a wider set of design objectives, including practicability, aesthetics, cost and the functionality of the product.
Safe in design of structure considers the safety of those who construct, maintain, clean, repair & demolish a structure. This Process includes research and development, conceptual design, general design, drawings, plans, systems, quantities, method of construction or manufacture, detailed cost and risk analysis (including analysis of OHS risks), feasibility, detailed design, technical specification and redesign.
A safe design approach results in many benefits, including:
Among various risk assessment tools such as HAZID, HAZOP, FMEA, FTA, ETA, the Construction Hazard Assessment Implication Review (CHAIR), is developed as a customized risk assessment tool for construction industry as a tool to assist designers, constructors, clients and other key stakeholders to come together to reduce construction, maintenance, repair and demolition safety risks associated with design. The primary aim of a CHAIR is to identify and eliminate or minimise risks in a design as soon as possible in the life of a project though three phases in order to improve constructability and maintainability. This process includes three stages shown in the following figure.
CHAIR ONE is performed at the conceptual stage of a design, which is the best opportunity to make fundamental change, even though much of the design is still to be determined.
CHAIR TWO focuses on construction and demolition issues and is performed just prior to construction, when the full detailed design is known.
CHAIR THREE focuses on maintenance and repair issues and is performed at the same time as the CHAIR 2 study.
Please contact us to find out how our training courses, workshops and coaching sessions can assist you to meet all relevant legislation in your safety in design practice
Working in an environment with full of uncertainty encourages the organisations to manage the risks affecting their economic performance and professional reputation, as well as environmental, safety and societal outcomes. Risk and risk management are strongly addressed in the new revision of ISO standards of quality, safety and environmental management systems including ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 which are planned to be published in 2015 and ISO 45001 which is planned to be published in 2016.
ISO 31000:2009, Risk management – Principles and guidelines, provides principles, framework and a process for managing risk. It can be used by any organisation regardless of its size, activity or sector. Using ISO 31000 can help organisations increase the likelihood of achieving objectives, improve the identification of opportunities and threats and effectively allocate and use resources for risk treatment.
However, ISO 31000 is not a certifiable standard, but provides an extensive guidance for internal or external audit programmes and can be used as an internationally recognised best practice for benchmarking purpose
The objective of this Standard is to achieve:
As necessity of using a consistent set of terms in risk management in order to have a greater clarity and a wider understanding of risk management, many of the pre-existing terms and definitions that had arisen from different forms of risk and applications of risk management had to change. Fortunately, ISO combined the creation of the standard with a revision of the existing ISO/IEC vocabulary for risk management in Guide 73:2002 and both documents were published at the same time and will be updated together in future.
In order to ensure that the risks are managed effectively and efficiently, the principles of effective risk management in ISO 31000 are that it should:
A second list of attributes, in an annex to the standard, contains unavoidable characteristics of managing risk effectively that are also powerful indicators of risk management performance.
After considering numerous options and variants, ISO 31000:2009 largely adopted the same broad process as AS/NZS 4360:2004 for managing risk as shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The risk management process from ISO 31000:2009.
There are two elements of the process that can be considered as continually acting. These are:
The central spine of the risk management process starts establishing the context as an essential predecessor to risk identification.
Risk identification requires the application of a systematic process to understand what could happen, how, when, and why.
Risk analysis is concerned with developing an understanding of each risk, its consequences, and the likelihood of those consequences. Whether the end result is expressed as a qualitative, semi-quantitative, or quantitative manner, gaining this understanding requires consideration of the effect and reliability of existing controls and any control gaps.
Risk evaluation then involves making a decision about the level of risk and the priority for attention through the application of the criteria developed when the context was established.
Risk treatment is the process by which existing controls are improved or new controls are developed and implemented. It involves evaluation of and selection from options, including analysis of costs and benefits and assessment of new risks that might be generated by each option, and then prioritising and implementing the selected treatment through a planned process. The options can be elimination, substitution, engineering, administration and using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to eliminate or mitigate the risks.
ISO 31000:2009 gives a set of general options to be considered when risk is treated. The order of the list reflects preference. Importantly, the options deal with both risks that have downside and/or upside consequences.
One of the recurrent themes in IS0 31000 is that to be effective, risk management must be integrated into an organisation’s decision-making processes (which, of course, is how risk is generated). Clause 4 of the standard concerns implementation of the risk management process through integration by using a management framework, which consists of the policies, arrangements, and organisational structures to implement, sustain, and improve the process. The standard not only describes the important elements that are required in such a framework but also describes how an organisation should go about creating, implementing, and keeping these elements up to date and relevant.
A number of other standards also relate to risk management.
Please contact us to find out how our training courses, workshops and coaching sessions can assist you to meet all requirements of ISO 31000 standard.
Over recent years, the environment has become a more significant concern to the sustainability of the global business community and it poses serious challenges to individual organisations, affecting their development in the long term. Of the many factors involved, the main reason for the energy issue to draw concern from businesses may come from global government initiatives to reduce climate change and the increasing expense of obtaining natural resources to support daily operations.
The ISO 50001 standard had developed through the International Organisation of Standardisation (ISO) Project Committee of Energy Management (ISO/ PC 242), ISO 50001 Energy Management Systems (EnMS) Requirements with Guidance for Use. The standard was published in June 2011.
The ISO 50001 standard replaces the European EN 16001 standard and it defines the first international standards for an energy management system.
ISO 50001 is based on the management system model of continual improvement also used for other well-known standards such as ISO 9001 or ISO 14001. This makes it easier for organisations to integrate energy management into their overall efforts to improve quality and environmental management.
The goal is to reduce energy consumption, carbon emissions and energy costs. It can be applied to any type or size of organisation, from small family businesses to the world’s largest corporations and government institutions.
By offering a systematic methodology for any size organisation, including small and medium enterprises (SMEs), to establish its own energy management system, ISO 50001 can provide organisations with a number of business benefits. These include:
ISO 50001:2011 provides a framework of requirements for organisations to:
The 7 principles below are the essential attributes of that any management team should possess in order to successfully operate an Environmental Management System in accordance with ISO 50001.The principles should serve as an indication of a framework for effective energy management.
1. Progress Management: Ensuring operation of the EnMS is making progress against what was previously designed and agreed
2. Change Management: Ensuring that the operation of the EnMS is in line with any changes that occur either internally or externally
3. Operational Problem Resolution Management: Ensuring operational problems are dealt with swiftly; treating them as opportunities for improvement is vital
4. Risk Management: Ensuring risk factors are evaluated in order to secure the position of continual improvement
5. Preparation for Contingency: Possible emergency scenarios should be documented and procedures devised in order to make sure that appropriate safety levels are maintained at all times
6. Document Management: Ensuring key documents are identified, maintained, updated and available when needed. Unnecessary bureaucracy should be avoided
7. Objective and Target Achievement Evaluation Criteria: Top management should provide transparent and objective evaluation criteria for target achievement. This is key to a successful evaluation of progress or results
Please contact us if you need our hands to assist you for develop and establish your management system in compliance with the requirements of ISO 50001 standard. We also offer a gap assessment service to find out how close you are to your ISO 50001 certificate.
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