Kitchen Chat and more…
Kitchen Chat and more…
HACCP is a systematic and preventive approach in food industry for identifying food safety hazard which may cause an unsafe food at all stage of food supply chain from production, packaging, distribution, preparation and serving to the customer. In its proactive approach, rather than relying on inspection of finished product, control measures will be applied to control or eliminate the chemical, physical, biological and allergic hazards.
1.1. Assembly of a multidisciplinary team (HACCP team)
It includes the whole range of specific knowledge and expertise from all parts of business
1.2. Description of the product
It includes composition (e.g. ingredients), structure (e.g. Solid), processing (e.g. smoking), packaging (e.g. vacuum), storage and distribution conditions, required shelf life, instructions for use and any microbiological or chemical criteria applicable.
1.3. Identification of intended use
It defines the intended use of the product by the customers and if it is suitable for particular customers such as travelers or vulnerable people.
1.4. Develop a flow diagram
It is a description of all steps involved in the process from receiving the raw materials to distribution of the finished food to the market in sequence supported by sufficient technical data
1.5. Listing hazards and existing control measures
List all potential expected to occur at each process step and identify the current control measure to eliminate or control them
2. Identification of Critical Control Points (CCP)
A logical approach facilitated by the use of a decision tree or other methods is applied in identification of CCPs. At each step of the flow diagram, the decision tree must be applied to each hazard that may be reasonably expected to occur or be introduced and each control measure identified.
3. Determine Critical Limits at CCPs
Critical limits for each control measure associated with a CCP is to be determined. They are determined as acceptable limit values of the measurable parameters which is considered for controlling the control points.
The critical limits may be derived from a variety of sources such as legislations, guides of GHP (Good Hygiene Practices) and etc.
4. Monitoring Procedures at CCPs
Monitoring procedure at each critical point to ensure compliance with specified critical limits.
This monitoring procedure are to detect any out of control observations or measurements as an evidence of a situation needs to be resolved by implementing the required process adjustment and corrective actions.
5. Corrective Actions
The corrective action to eliminate or control the hazard need to be taken when monitoring results indicate a deviation from the critical limit. The corrective actions are to include root cause, required actions, responsible person(s) and due date.
6. Verification Procedures
In order to verify if the HACCP is working correctly. Verification procedures may include random sampling and analysis, reinforced analysis or tests at selected critical points, intensified analysis of intermediate or final products, and surveys on actual condition during storage, distribution and sale and on actual use of the product.
7. Documentation and Record Keeping
Effective and accurate record keeping is essential and to be appropriate to the nature and size of the operation and sufficient.
The food business is to ensure that all personnel are aware of the hazards identified (if any), the critical points and the control measures and any corrective actions.
Please contact us if you need more details on how our expert team can assists you in training, developing. auditing and certifying your HACCP system.
The AS/NZS 5377 (also mentioned as AS 5377) standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand Committee EV-019, E-waste and published in February 2013. This standard outline the minimum requirements for the safe and environmentally sound collection, storage, transport and treatment of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment, known as E-waste, in order to maximize re-use and material recovery, reduce or eliminate the amount of waste from this equipment going to final point of disposal operations such as landfill, safeguard worker health, and minimize harm to the
In August 2011, the Product Stewardship Act 2011 commenced in August 2011 and provides a legislative framework for national product stewardship schemes as a key commitment by the Australian Government under the National Waste Policy which had been endorsed by Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in August 2010.
The Product Stewardship (Televisions and Computers) Regulations 2011 came into effect in November 2011 as the first products to be regulated under Australian product stewardship legislation in order to support a co-regulatory recycling scheme for televisions, computers, printers and computer products. The National Television and Computer Recycling Scheme (NTCRS) was established in 2011 under a co-regulatory approach.
The AS/NZS 5377 standard was published by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand commitee EV-019, E-waste in February 2013 as the first formal standard to ensure a consistent industry standard for scheme recycling providers and ensure positive work health and safety outcomes.
From 1 July 2016, the Australian Government will require co-regulatory arrangements to ONLY contract with recycling service providers that are certified to AS 5377, the Australian Standard. It can be considered as a challenge for the E-waste recyclers and the companies which are willing to launch a new business as E-waste recycler, but on the other hand, the opportunity is really huge. E-waste is growing 3 times faster than any other waste stream.
Under the NTCRS scheme, the targets are increasing from 50 per cent of available e-waste for the 2015-16 financial year up to 80 per cent in 2026-27. How attractive is this huge business opportunity regaring the growth of E-waste volume and also this target?
This Standard is intended to be used by parties involved in the collection, storage, transport, and treatment of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment. In includes five sections outlined below:
Section 1: Scope, Objectives, Application and General Requirements – This section includes the requirements which is applicable for all organisations throughout E-waste recycling supply chain.
Section 2 – Requirements For Collection and Storage Facilities – This section is applicable for the locations which has been advertised or promoted as being place where end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment can be left or will be received for the purpose of transporting them to a facility for material recovery or processing, whether or not it provides public access.
Section 3 – Recovery for Re-use from End-of-life Electrical and Electronic Equipment – This section includes recovery of assemblies, components and parts. Service providers for repair, refurbishment and re-marketing of used whole equipment are outside the scope of this Standard.
Section 4 – Requirements for Transportation – This section includes the requirements of E-waste transportation for intrastate, interstate or for export purposes.
Section 5 – Requirements for the Treatment of End-of-life Electrical and Electronic Equipment including material recovery or processing of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment.
The details are shown in the following picture. As it is shown, not all sections are applicable for all organisations.
Please contact us if you need our hands to assist you for develop and establish your management system in compliance with the requirements of AS/NZS 5377:2013 standard. We also offer a gap assessment service to find out how close you are to your AS/NZS 5377 certificate.
Regarding the section 22 of Work Health and Safety Act 2011, the designer must ensure that the plant, substance or structure is designed to be without risks to the health and safety of persons who use the plant, substance or structure, who handle the substance at a workplace, who store the plant or substance at a workplace, who construct the structure at a workplace, who carry out any reasonably foreseeable activity, or who are at or in the vicinity of a workplace.
Figures released by Safe Work Australia estimate the cost associated with work-related injury and illness to be more than $60 billion dollars per year. Targets to be achieved by 2022 introduced in the Australian-WHS-Strategy-2012-2022 include:
Healthy and safe design is one of the seven action plans introduced in this document to achieve these targets with the outcome of elimination or minimisation of hazard by design.
According to Section 22 of Work Health and Safety Act 2011, the designer must ensure that the plant, substance or structure is designed to be without risks to the health and safety of persons who use the plant, substance or structure, who handle the substance at a workplace, who store the plant or substance at a workplace, who construct the structure at a workplace, who carry out any reasonably foreseeable activity, or who are at or in the vicinity of a workplace?
So, as a result of not being to show that your team is aware of Safety In Design and the relevant legislation, you take the risk of being liable for any WHS incidents?
The integration of hazard identification and risk assessment methods early in the design process to eliminate or minimise the risks of injury throughout the life of the product being designed. It encompasses all design including facilities, hardware, systems, equipment, products, tooling, materials, energy controls, layout, and configuration. A safe design approach begins in the conceptual and planning phases with an emphasis on making choices about design, materials used and methods of manufacture or construction to enhance the safety of the finished product. Safe design will always be part of a wider set of design objectives, including practicability, aesthetics, cost and the functionality of the product.
Safe in design of structure considers the safety of those who construct, maintain, clean, repair & demolish a structure. This Process includes research and development, conceptual design, general design, drawings, plans, systems, quantities, method of construction or manufacture, detailed cost and risk analysis (including analysis of OHS risks), feasibility, detailed design, technical specification and redesign.
A safe design approach results in many benefits, including:
Among various risk assessment tools such as HAZID, HAZOP, FMEA, FTA, ETA, the Construction Hazard Assessment Implication Review (CHAIR), is developed as a customized risk assessment tool for construction industry as a tool to assist designers, constructors, clients and other key stakeholders to come together to reduce construction, maintenance, repair and demolition safety risks associated with design. The primary aim of a CHAIR is to identify and eliminate or minimise risks in a design as soon as possible in the life of a project though three phases in order to improve constructability and maintainability. This process includes three stages shown in the following figure.
CHAIR ONE is performed at the conceptual stage of a design, which is the best opportunity to make fundamental change, even though much of the design is still to be determined.
CHAIR TWO focuses on construction and demolition issues and is performed just prior to construction, when the full detailed design is known.
CHAIR THREE focuses on maintenance and repair issues and is performed at the same time as the CHAIR 2 study.
Please contact us to find out how our training courses, workshops and coaching sessions can assist you to meet all relevant legislation in your safety in design practice
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