HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points)

Introduction

HACCP is a systematic and preventive approach in food industry for identifying food safety hazard which may cause an unsafe food at all stage of food supply chain from production, packaging, distribution, preparation and serving to the customer. In its proactive approach, rather than relying on inspection of finished product, control measures will be applied to control or eliminate the chemical, physical, biological and allergic hazards.

 

Advantages of HACCP

      • More control on food processing
      • More control on food costs
      • Reduce food wastes
      • Improve quality of foods
      • Prevent any complaints and legal actions
      • Customer protection
      • Customer Satisfaction

 

 The seven principles of HACCP

      1. Hazard Identification
      2. Critical Control Point (CCP) identification
      3. Critical limits establishment for the CCPs
      4. CCP monitoring
      5. Corrective action establishment when a CCP is out of control
      6. Regular verification on measures
      7. Documents and records establishment to demonstrate effective application of the measures.

 

Application of the seven principles

1-Hazard Analysis

1.1. Assembly of a multidisciplinary team (HACCP team) 

It includes the whole range of specific knowledge and expertise from all parts of business

1.2. Description of the product

It includes composition (e.g. ingredients), structure (e.g. Solid), processing (e.g. smoking), packaging (e.g. vacuum), storage and distribution conditions, required shelf life, instructions for use and any microbiological or chemical criteria applicable.

1.3. Identification of intended use

It defines the intended use of the product by the customers and if it is suitable for particular customers such as travelers or vulnerable people.

1.4. Develop a flow diagram

It is a description of all steps involved in the process from receiving the raw materials to distribution of the finished food to the market in sequence supported by sufficient technical data

1.5. Listing hazards and existing control measures

List all potential expected to occur at each process step and identify the current control measure to eliminate or control them

2. Identification of Critical Control Points (CCP)

A logical approach facilitated by the use of a decision tree or other methods is applied in identification of CCPs. At each step of the flow diagram, the decision tree must be applied to each hazard that may be reasonably expected to occur or be introduced and each control measure identified.

 

3. Determine Critical Limits at CCPs

Critical limits for each control measure associated with a CCP is to be determined. They are determined as acceptable limit values of the measurable parameters which is considered for controlling the control points.

The critical limits may be derived from a variety of sources such as legislations, guides of GHP (Good Hygiene Practices) and etc.

 

4. Monitoring Procedures at CCPs

Monitoring procedure at each critical point to ensure compliance with specified critical limits.

This monitoring procedure are to detect any out of control observations or measurements as an evidence of a situation needs to be resolved by implementing the required process adjustment and corrective actions.

 

5. Corrective Actions

The corrective action to eliminate or control the hazard need to be taken when monitoring results indicate a deviation from the critical limit. The corrective actions are to include root cause, required actions, responsible person(s) and due date.

 

6. Verification Procedures

In order to verify if the HACCP is working correctly. Verification procedures may include random sampling and analysis, reinforced analysis or tests at selected critical points, intensified analysis of intermediate or final products, and surveys on actual condition during storage, distribution and sale and on actual use of the product.

 

7. Documentation and Record Keeping

Effective and accurate record keeping is essential and to be appropriate to the nature and size of the operation and sufficient.

 

8. Training

The food business is to ensure that all personnel are aware of the hazards identified (if any), the critical points and the control measures and any corrective actions.

 

How ISO Consulting Services can help you

Please contact us  if you need more details on how our expert team can assists you in training, developing. auditing and certifying your HACCP system.